By Jens Rydström, Kati Mustola
This booklet presents a coherent heritage of legal legislations and homosexuality in Scandinavia from 1842 to 1999, a interval in which same-sex love was once outlawed or topic to serious criminal regulations within the Scandinavian penal codes. This was once the case in so much international locations in Northern Europe, however the ebook argues that the improvement in Scandinavia used to be diversified, partially made up our minds via the constitution of the welfare country. 5 skilled students of the heritage of homosexuality describe how same-sex wish has been regulated of their respective international locations in the past a hundred and sixty years. With backgrounds in background, sociology, and gender reviews, the members characterize an interdisciplinary process. Their contributions current for the 1st time a finished historical past of homosexuality in Scandinavia. between different issues, it comprises the main large learn but written in any language approximately Iceland's homosexual and lesbian historical past. additionally for the 1st time, the booklet discusses intimately same-sex sexuality among ladies. lady homosexuality used to be outlawed in japanese Scandinavia, yet no longer within the Western components of this zone. It additionally analyzes the trendy tendency to incorporate lesbian girls within the felony point of the medicalization of homosexuality and the starting to be impression of clinical discourse at the legislation. Jens Rydstrm is lecturer in historical past, fairly gender historical past, at Stockholm collage (Sweden) and the writer of Sinners and voters: Bestiality and Homosexuality in Sweden, 18801950. he's presently engaged on the background of legislation on registered partnership within the Nordic nations. Kati Mustola is a examine fellow on the division of Sociology of the college of Helsinki (Finland). She is at present eager about learn at the state of affairs of lesbians, gays, bisexuals, and transgender humans within the office. She additionally makes a speciality of Finnish lesbian and homosexual historical past. She has edited a number of books in lesbian and homosexual reports and for a few years used to be liable for the instructing of lesbian reports on the Christina Institute for Women's reports on the collage of Helsinki.** [C:\Users\Microsoft\Documents\Calibre Library]
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Additional resources for Criminally Queer: Homosexuality and Criminal Law in Scandinavia 1842-1999
In Finland the proportion of women of all convicted persons between the years 1894 and 1971, while the law was in force, was less than 5 percent. 27 Modern criminal discourse The inclusion of women in European sodomy laws has thus been the exception rather than the rule. On the one hand, placing major emphasis on penetration and ejaculation, as was the case in Denmark and in Norway, resulted in legislation that all but exempted women from punishment for same-sex sexuality, although they could be severely punished for a number of other sexual crimes.
Then it sank to slightly above 60 in 1944-47. These fluctuations are not visible in the five-year interval statistics. Danmarks statistik. Statistiske meddelelser. Kriminalstatistik 1933-78. 35 For accounts of sexuality during World War Two in Norway, see Ringdal 1987; for Finland, Mustola 2006; for Iceland, Bernhardsson 1996. 39 40 Criminally Queer 36 For the effects of World War Two on gay and lesbian identity, see Bérubé 1991. 37 Axgil and Fogedgaard 1985, 137. On the history of COC, see Warmerdam and Koenders 1987.
Rydström 2003; 2005; Kristiansen forthcoming. 21 Sweden: Strafflag 1864; Denmark: Almindelig Borgerlig Straffelov 1866; Finland: Suomen Suuriruhtinaanmaan Rikoslaki 1889/Strafflag för Storfurstendömet Finland 1889 (in force 1894); Norway: Kriminallov 1842, modernized 1889. Hagerup 1901; Hauge 1996, 207-20; Häthén 1990, 102-6, 110-14. On the effects of the “dormant” § 213 in Norway, see Friele 1970; 1990; Halsos 2001. 22 Lidberg and Freese 1985; Qvarsell 1993. 23 This is said with the reservation that no detailed investigation has been made of the earliest lesbian and gay movement in Finland.