By Ezzat A. Fattah
Crime and Victimization of the Elderly offers a "state-of-the-art" evaluate of the social medical literature on the subject of the crime difficulties of older people. construction upon a vast interdisciplinary base, the amount addresses a variety of matters that might turn out to be of curiosity and cost to criminology and gerontology scholars and to training execs. The ebook is split into significant sections. the 1st focuses upon aged offenders and the second one is dedicated to a dialogue of aged sufferers. all the significant themes typically lined within the criminology and victimology classes are given certain attention. those comprise: the character and kinds of crimes devoted by way of the aged, theories of aged crime, legal justice reactions to the older criminal, styles of aged victimization, causes of aged victimization styles, worry of crime between older individuals and the abuse of the aged in household settings. The chapters offer a severe overview of the formative in addition to the latest empirical study performed within the usa, Canada and somewhere else. each one bankruptcy contains lists of steered readings and every significant part contains an intensive checklist of bibliographic references. This e-book is a useful source to criminologists, gerontologists and social provider execs because it increases questions and defines concerns very important to an realizing of the aged and their organization with quite a few points of crime.
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Extra info for Crime and Victimization of the Elderly
Research on Aging, 9 (2): 281-311. 33 CHAPTER THREE OFFENCES THE ELDERLY COMMIT AND THEIR EXPLANATIONS EXPLAINING ELDERLY CRIME The Problem in General Criminal etiology is probably the most problematic and least successful field of study in the discipline of criminology. One reason, of course, is the complex nature of crime. No crime can be traced to a single cause. Causes of crime are multiple, varied and interwoven. Some causes may be endogenic (characteristic of the individual or his or her organism) others are exogenic (characteristic of the natural environment or the social milieu).
It is possible however that this situation will change in the coming years for two reasons: 1. a growing elderly female popUlation; 2. within the last ten years or so female indictable criminality has risen sharply among the younger age groups (below 40). As this cohort advances, it may affect the statistics of female offenders over 60 years (see Jackson, 1981). 29 IS THE ELDERLY CRIMINAL AN ACADEMIC INVENTION? " Cullen et al. (1985) address themselves to the assumption that the aged are committing not only more crimes but also more serious offences, the sort of illegalities that previously were exclusively the domain of the young.
The above mentioned citations may give the impression that the United States is in the midst of a geriatric crime wave. And it is precisely such statements and the pUblicity they generated and received in the media that led some criminologists to empirically test the claim that elderly crime has increased and is increasing at a fast pace and that the growth in elderly criminality is far greater than the growth in criminality of other age groups. Alarmed by reports of a geriatric crime wave, Sunderland (1982) examined national crime statistics in the United States and compared the percentages of older persons arrested in 1975 and 1980.