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By Christopher Peter Latimer

America PATRIOT Act, the activities and unfastened speech of the Ku Klux Klan, and using privately owned units with GPS by way of legislation enforcement are all hugely arguable issues that fall below the blanket of civil liberties and federal or kingdom authority—subjects which are very important to so much Americans.This publication presents a finished exam of arbitrary nation motion post-September eleven, 2001, combining designated examinations of particular laws with watershed assurance of concerns akin to freedom of speech, press, and faith in addition to a number of points of felony legislations and approach. this article provides records from Britain, the yank colonial interval, the Founding interval, and the trendy period, together with contemporary ultimate complaints. the writer offers an accompanying research of every record, supplying insightful ancient context and ramifications of the choices and the legislation handed.

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Extra info for Civil Liberties and the State: A Documentary and Reference Guide (Documentary and Reference Guides)

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The Massachusetts Constitution of 1780: A Social Compact. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1978. S. S. C. Significance: The Fifth Amendment protects against abuse of government authority by a legal procedure. DOCUMENT United States Constitution Amendment 5—Trial and Punishment, Compensation for Takings. Ratified 12/15/1791 No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

Provided always, That nothing in this act shall extend to give benefit to any person who shall by contract in writing agree with any merchant or owner of any plantation, or other person whatsoever, to be transported to any parts beyond the seas, and receive earnest upon such agreement, although that afterwards such person shall renounce such contract. XIV. Provided always, and be it enacted, That if any person or persons lawfully convicted of any felony, shall in open court pray to be transported beyond the seas, and the court shall think fit to leave him or them in prison for that purpose, such person or persons may be transported into any parts beyond the seas, this act or any thing therein contained to the contrary notwithstanding.

I shall not sit down, sir, without repeating, that, as it is clearly more difficult for twelve states to agree to another convention, than for nine to unite in favor of amendments, so it is certainly better to receive the present Constitution, in the hope of its being amended, than it would be to reject it altogether, with, perhaps, the vain expectation of obtaining another more agreeable than the present. I see no fallacy in the argument, Mr. President; but, if there is, permit me to call upon any gentleman to point it out, in order that it may be corrected; for, at present, it seems to me of such force as to give me entire satisfaction.

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