By Philippe Boch, Jean-Claude Nièpce
This ebook is basically an creation to the giant kin of ceramic fabrics. the 1st half is dedicated to the fundamentals of ceramics and tactics: uncooked fabrics, powders synthesis, shaping and sintering. It discusses conventional ceramics in addition to "technical" ceramics - either oxide and non-oxide - that have a number of developments.The moment half specializes in houses and purposes, and discusses either structural and useful ceramics, together with bioceramics. The fields of erosion, slicing and tribology illustrate the significance of mechanical houses. It additionally offers with the questions/answers of a ceramicist relating to electronuclear expertise. As chemistry is a necessary self-discipline for ceramicists, the ebook indicates, particularly, what tender chemistry can give a contribution due to sol-gel tools.
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Extra info for Ceramic Materials: Processes, Properties and Applications
The technology was History of Ceramics 31 rudimentary: use of raw local loesses, shaping and firing in open “horseshoe shaped” kilns at temperatures not exceeding 900°C [VAN 90]. This manifestation at the end of the Stone Age apparently remained very isolated and it would be several thousands of years later that the Japanese Jomon ceramics (more than 12,000 years old and discovered in the Fukui caves, near Nagasaki) marked the beginning of a production that has subsisted until now. As early as this period, there was a more complex use of argillaceous earth, which was prepared by adding, probably voluntarily, organic fibers and mica [HAR 97].
These cemented carbides fall under the category of cermets (for “ceramicmetal”), which are materials prepared by powder metallurgy, and this explains why they are claimed by ceramists and metallurgists. Our choice has been to include cermets among structural ceramics and to cover them in Chapter 9. Finally, as regards industrial refractory materials, their importance sometimes justifies their being regarded as a distinct category when we speak of “ceramics and refractory materials”. Here again, our choice has been to include refractory materials among ceramics (see Chapter 10), which is currently the commonly accepted view, but this does not however imply that refractory materials are always classified among structural ceramics.
4. The opacification of the glazes by the addition of tin: an innovation of the Islamic artisans Opacifying a glaze was an important milestone for the artisans to cross. An opaque glaze has many advantages including the obvious one of hiding a not very esthetic paste color and allowing greater freedom and greater possibilities of decoration. There are several ways to do this: the presence of gas bubbles in large quantities diffuses the light and gives an “opalescent” appearance; the persistence within the vitreous matrix of large-sized grains, generally non-molten quartz or feldspar grains, yield an opaque glaze.