By Evan S. Lieberman
Why have governments answered to the HIV/AIDS pandemic in such other ways? up to now sector century, foreign organisations and donors have disseminated sizeable assets and a collection of top perform innovations to policymakers all over the world. but the governments of constructing nations in sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, Latin the USA, and the Caribbean proceed to enforce largely various guidelines. obstacles of Contagion is the 1st systematic, comparative research of the politics of HIV/AIDS. The publication explores the political demanding situations of responding to a stigmatized situation, and identifies ethnic boundaries--the formal and casual associations that divide societies--as a imperative impression on politics and policymaking. Evan Lieberman examines the ways that threat and social pageant get mapped onto well-institutionalized styles of ethnic politics. the place robust ethnic limitations fragment societies into teams, the politics of AIDS usually tend to contain blame and shame-avoidance strategies opposed to segments of the inhabitants. In flip, executive leaders of such international locations reply a ways much less aggressively to the epidemic. Lieberman's case reviews of Brazil, South Africa, and India--three constructing nations that face major AIDS epidemics--are complemented via statistical analyses of the coverage responses of Indian states and over seventy constructing international locations. The reviews finish that assorted styles of ethnic pageant form how governments reply to this devastating challenge. the writer considers the results for governments and donors, and the expanding tendency to spot social difficulties in ethnic phrases.
Read Online or Download Boundaries of Contagion: How Ethnic Politics Have Shaped Government Responses to AIDS PDF
Similar health policy books
Is the wellbeing and fitness of a society depending on the overall healthiness of its citizenry? Does person vainness play a causal function in continual social difficulties equivalent to baby abuse, university drop-out premiums, teenage being pregnant, alcohol and drug abuse, welfare dependency? In an try and solution those questions, the nation of California demonstrated a role strength on vainness and social accountability in 1987.
In comparison to the remainder of the area, Japan has a fit inhabitants yet can pay fairly little for treatment. Taking a comparative point of view, the authors describe the politics of wellbeing and fitness care in Japan, the range of services, the common medical health insurance procedure, and the way the price time table constrains bills.
Advances in clinical, biomedical and wellbeing and fitness providers examine have decreased the extent of uncertainty in scientific perform. medical perform guidance (CPGs) supplement this development through constructing criteria of care sponsored via powerful medical proof. CPGs are statements that come with ideas meant to optimize sufferer care.
For greater than a century, Toronto’s well-being division has served as a version of evolving municipal public health and wellbeing prone in Canada and past. From horse manure to hippies and small pox to AIDS, the Department’s employees have proven and maintained criteria of environmental cleanliness and communicable ailment keep watch over strategies that experience made the town a fit position to dwell.
- The Age of the Inquiry: Learning and Blaming in Health and Social Care
- Poverty and Health: DAC Guidelines and Reference Series
- Peru: improving health care for the poor
- Envisioning the National Health Care Quality Report
Extra resources for Boundaries of Contagion: How Ethnic Politics Have Shaped Government Responses to AIDS
Group lead- ers attempt to avoid shame and to assign blame 43 ro other groups. The vety identification of risk-the chance that something bad may happen to oneself or one's group-may be experienced as a damaging social psychological phenomenon. Although denial of profound problems may do harm in the longer term, and may appear irrational to an instrumentalist theory that considers individuals in isolation, such personal and political responses are consistent with social identity theory. My point is not to claim that people are prone to individually self-destructive behavior.
87 Nonetheless, for the problem of AIDS policy in the developing world, there is good reason to believe that these other cleavages are either less rel- But again, these are issues of viral transmission, and the concern here is with national-level policymaking. If we push this line of explanation a bit, we might expect women to have a greater affinity for aggressive AIDS policies because of imbalances in household power and gender relations more generally, in addition to the specific consequences of policies meant to reduce HIV transmission from mothers to children.
Policies on AIDS, or at least makes them more likely. Alternatively, there are reasons to believe that authoritarian govern- As I stated at the outset, I assume that those at the pinnacles of power ments might be more aggressive in response to AIDS. Erwin Ackerknecht's theory of state approaches to the prevention of infectious disease hypoth- act to maximize political returns at the lowest economic costs. This is liberties are associated with more authoritarian and absolutist political regimes.