By Prosper B. Matondi, Kjell Havnevik, Atakilte Beyene, Patience Mutopo, Hanne Haaland, Festus Boamah, Marie Widengård, Rune Skarstein
Strength crises and weather swap have generated international calls for for substitute non-fossil gasoline resources. This has resulted in a fast elevate of investments in construction of liquid biofuels in response to agricultural feed shares resembling sugar cane. such a lot African governments see biofuels as a possible for expanding agricultural productiveness and export earning and therefore strengthening their nationwide economies, bettering power balances and rural employment. even as weather swap will be addressed via aid of eco-friendly residence gasoline emissions. There are, even if, a few uncertainties mounting that problem this situation. utilizing in-depth African case reviews -- with Brazil as a comparative reference -- this ebook addresses this data hole by way of studying the affects of large-scale biofuel creation on African agriculture, relatively with reference to important land outsourcing and nutrition safeguard matters. The surge for African biofuels has additionally opened area for personal traders -- either family and exterior -- to multiply and community "independently" of the country. The biofuel enlargement therefore generates new monetary alliances and creation kinfolk, leading to new different types of inclusions and exclusions in the rural population. This is an essential booklet for someone wishing to appreciate the startling influence of biofuels on Africa.
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Additional resources for Biofuels, Land Grabbing and Food Security in Africa
Von Braun and Meinzen-Dick 2009) 33 1â•›â•›|â•›â•›Grabbing of African lands for energy and food Environmental sustainability issues The UN/SRRF calls for even broader impact assessments prior to the completion of land acquisition and lease negotiations (De Schutter 2009: 15). These assessments would highlight the impact on the right to food from such perspectives as: (i) local employment and incomes; (ii) access to productive resources of local communities; (iii) arrival of new technologies and investments in infrastructure; (iv) various environmental impacts; and also (v) access, availability and adequacy of food.
5 Food security in the African countries and communities should not be compromised. Beyond these locally oriented recommendations,3 the increasing concentration of land and the scale of operations have critical implications for (i) the balance between smallholder and large-scale farming and the future livelihoods of African rural people; (ii) the relative importance of African subsistence and domestic food supply versus export-led agriculture; and (iii) the role of global agribusiness in African countries, connected with vertical integration in agricultural production, processing and distribution (Gibbon and Ponte 2005).
2009) state that, whether or not it is legally required, local consultation is likely to be a key success factor in project implementation. But they also recommend that recipient governments should ask hard questions about the capacity of investors to manage large-scale agricultural investments effectively. The findings presented above show that there is a long way to go to attain transparency in negotiations over land acquisitions and leases. This is particularly the case in countries where the state holds the ultimate title to land.