By Krisztin Ungvry
The conflict of Budapest (December 1944 to February 1945) used to be one of many longest and bloodiest urban sieges of the second one global struggle. From the looks of the 1st Soviet tanks at the outskirts of the capital to the trap of Buda fort, 102 days elapsed. by way of human trauma, it comes moment simply to Stalingrad, comparisons to that have been even being made by means of infantrymen, either German and Soviet, scuffling with on the time. This definitive historical past covers their reports, and people of the 800,000 non-combatants round whom the conflict raged.
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Additional info for Battle for Budapest: One Hundred Days in World War II
The brutally mutilated bodies of surrendering SS soldiers were found after the successful counter-attack. Records of the event are found among the November attachments of the war diary of the German Army Group South. BA-MA KTB Hgr. Süd RH 19 V/54, pp. 59, 116. BA-MA RH 24–72/44, strength report 12th Infantry Division, 25 October 1944. HL TGY, Tassonyi, p. 19. Martin and Ugron, p. 98. Friessner, p. 176. Tóth, 1975a, p. 62. Thuróczy, p. 69. Tibor Gencsy’s memoirs, p. 18 (in the collection of the author).
40 Further north, the 4th Ukrainian Front was even worse off, having covered only 200 kilometres since August 1944, and coming to a standstill at the Carpathians. The Soviet supreme command sent Marshall Semion Konstantinovich Timoshenko to investigate. Marshall Fedor Ivanovich Tolbukhin, the commander of the 3rd Ukrainian Front operating in Serbia, was also included in the discussions, although he had not so far been involved in the plans concerning Budapest. His role in Hungary was now upgraded because of the 2nd Ukrainian Front’s lack of success, and because certain political considerations made a further advance in the Balkans undesirable;41 in addition, Stalin always liked to incite his subordinates to compete with each other.
77 On 1 December his order number 11 arrived, declaring Budapest to be a fortress and expressly appointing SS Obergruppenführer Otto Winkelmann – who was already in charge of all the German police and SS units in Hungary – commander of Budapest and thus the superior of Pfeffer-Wildenbruch and the IX SS Mountain Army Corps. The Budapest forces were subordinate to the 6th Army but were entitled to take independent action subject to prior consultation. They were to prepare the city’s squares and buildings for the defence, repulse any incursions, keep the German and Hungarian gendarmerie and police on the alert in case of any unrest and develop the communication system.