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By Pat Carlen

In either the united kingdom and the remainder of the area there were swift raises within the numbers of girls in criminal, which has resulted in an acceleration of curiosity in women's crimes and the social keep an eye on of ladies, and women's adventure of either felony and the felony justice procedure is especially assorted to men's. this article is worried to deal with the major concerns on the subject of women's imprisonment, contributing even as to an knowing of criminal concerns more often than not and the old and modern politics of gender and penal justice. What are women's prisons for? What are they prefer? Why are lone moms, ethnic minority and extremely terrible girls disproportionately represented within the women's criminal inhabitants? may still infants be despatched to legal with their moms? those are among the problems with which this booklet is worried. Analysing Women's Imprisonment is written as an introductory textual content to the topic, aiming to lead scholars of penology conscientiously in the course of the major historic and modern discourses on women's imprisonment. each one bankruptcy has a transparent precis ('concepts to know'), essay questions and proposals for extra studying, and may aid scholars arrange expectantly for seminars, direction examinations and undertaking paintings.

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At the same time, across Government, we are tackling the aspects of social exclusion that make some women believe their options are limited. (Home Office 2000a: 7 emphases added) This approach also justified the commissioning of new research into women’s criminogenic needs, research which would produce ‘research evidence on effective ways to tackle women’s re-offending’ (Home Office 2000a: 23). As the only programmes authorised for tackling women’s offending behaviour were those which had been officially ‘accredited’, it seemed that, at the beginning of the twenty-first century, 23 Analysing Women’s Imprisonment official discourse on women’s imprisonment had indeed momentarily triumphed – at least until the unofficial, ‘other’ explanations of women’s crime and imprisonment (see Chapter 7) had, in their turn, been incorporated or reincorporated into some even newer discourses and histories of women’s imprisonment.

Ethnic group and nationality In 2001, minority ethnic groups made up 21 per cent of the male and 26 per cent of the female average population in prison. 2). However, the picture is complicated by the issue of nationality. In 2001, 10 per cent of the prison population was made up of foreign nationals, a few of whom would be classified as ‘white’, but most of whom would be from other ethnic groups. In total in 2001, there were 2,986 British national women in prison and 696 foreign national women.

Hedderman and Gelsthorpe argue that: equal treatment for men and women is a matter of approach not outcome. The underlying assumption is that fairness consists of 28 Women in prison: the facts people in similar circumstances being treated in similar ways, but it must be recognised that men and women do not necessarily appear in similar circumstances. ’s (2002) attempt to follow up claims of domestic violence victimisation by men in the Scottish Crime Survey). In 2000, women accounted for 16 per cent of those arrested (Home Office 2002a).

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