By Ignacio Bosque
The booklet starts off through summarizing, commenting on, and comparing earlier descriptive and theoretical contributions on Spanish exclamatives. This introductory review additionally incorporates a targeted category of Spanish exclamative grammatical kinds, in addition to an research in their major properties. Special awareness is dedicated within the e-book throughoutto the syntactic constructions displayed by means of exclamative styles; the diversities among exclamations and different speech acts (specifically questions and imperatives); the atypical semantic denotation of exclamative phrases and their dating to quantifiers denoting excessive measure; the semantics of adjectives and adverbs expressing severe overview; the shape and interpretation of negated and embedded exclamatives; the houses of optative utterances; and the several ways that expressive contents are regarding unforeseen reactions of the speaker, in addition to attainable wisdom shared by way of interlocutors.
This groundbreaking quantity offers a complete and exact photograph of Spanish exclamation via integrating its a number of part parts.
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Additional resources for Advances in the Analysis of Spanish Exclamatives
Since the variables to be bound are quite different, in either of these two processes there will be an operator unable to properly bind its variable. Notice that there are two wh-operators in (68a): one is provided by the free relative, and the other one corresponds to the focal wh-DP qué piso. We may safely argue that the first one does not play any role in the asymmetry in (68). An argument in support of this conclusion is the fact that so-â•‰called “que-â•‰galicado” sentences, present in most varieties of American Spanish (Brucart, 1994; Di Tullio & Kailuweit, 2012), lack free relatives.
Quién es Juan! ’ Notice that (61c) represents no exception, since qué horas is a qualitative DP, not a wh-adverb. One may find apparent exceptions to this generalization and also some (arguably) true ones. Apparent exceptions include rhetorical questions, often written between exclamative orthographic symbols. ¡Quién me iba a decir a mí que estaría hoy aquí! ¡Por qué no te callas! ¡Adónde vamos a llegar! ’ See Castroviejo (2006) for similar examples. These rhetorical questions lack an intended answer, but they do not become exclamative utterances as a consequence of this (Escandell-â•‰Vidal, 1984, 1989; Gutiérrez-â•‰Rexach, 1998; Alonso-â•‰Cortés, 1999a, 1999b).
There was such a racket . . ’ c ¡Juan dice unas tonterías . . says such nonsense . . ’ 10. Apparently, sentences such as ¡Maldita la gracia que me hace salir ahora de casa! ’ belong to this pattern, but, strangely enough, the adjective maldito ‘curse’ seems to be able to precede a DP headed by an article, as in [. Sanchís Sinisterra, Lope de Aguirre, traidor, CREA). Perhaps this structure involves a syntactic amalgam, in Lakoff ’s (1974) sense. ¡Se ve por ahí cada cosa . . ‘One sees so many weird things out there .