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By Renato Constantino

Unlike different traditional histories, the unifying thread of A historical past of the Philippines is the fight of the peoples themselves opposed to numerous types of oppression, from Spanish conquest and colonization to U.S. imperialism. Constantino presents a penetrating research of the efficient family members and sophistication constitution within the Philippines, and the way those have shaped―and been formed by―the function of the Filipino humans within the making in their personal background. also, he demanding situations the dominant perspectives of Spanish and U.S. historians through exposing the myths and prejudices propagated of their paintings, and, in doing so, makes an immense leap forward towards highbrow decolonization. This ebook is an indispensible key to the background of conquest and resistance within the Philippine.

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Extra info for A History of the Philippines: From the Spanish Colonization to the Second World War

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The inter-cultural interactions reveal a unique fraternity and the noble sentiments are also unparalleled elsewhere. It is this feeling of affinity that the reader needs to imbibe deeply for that is the crux of any successful development of China and India. A lot of people have not understood this important point. I have sometimes been branded an idealist because of my reiteration of the cultural affinity of the two ‘civilization twins’ of China and India. In this book, I purposely go a step further to view the state relationship between China and India from historical times to the present in Chapter 3.

But the civilization, whose basis is society and the spiritual ideal of man, is still a living thing in China and in India. 12 Note the words of Tagore in that ‘the civilization, whose basis is society and the spiritual ideal of man, is still a living thing in China and India’. Note also that he depicts Chinese and Indian civilizations in one breath. He recognized the ‘living thing in China and India’ not as two civilizations, but as one ‘civilization’ — an integral entity sans boundary. The Sanxingdui Civilization is a powerful validation to this holistic Tagorean perspective.

The jewels of the exhibits are the bronze figures and masks. Visitors can easily discover that the facial features of the exhibits are distinctly not Chinese. In fact, they look quite Indian. The artifacts reveal an ancient civilization with sun-worship, which was hardly known to ancient Chinese civilization. There is a gold sheet with the design of four birds flying around the sun-deity which in my personal view is akin to a depiction of Surya (the Indian sun-god) (see Fig. 1). There is a bronze sculpture of an Indian ‘surya-chakra’ (sun-wheel).

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