By F. Thompson
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She is not concerned with the kinds of ideas that trouble Winston. She is concerned with the immediate causes of living, not with the abstract causes of dying. She would have committed the act of murder which Winston in his more thoughtful way was unable to commit. Her view of the world, of course, is just as unrealistic and just as dualistic as Winston's, but from quite a different starting point. Winston, under the influence of Julia, is slowly drifting toward a more physical orientation. Having lived in celibacy for nearly a dozen years and having had virtually no sex life during his marriage, he is emotionally immature.
Winston's belief that no matter what happens to him he can resist in his inner self is perhaps the greatest irony in the book, since the last part is a detailed treatise on exactly how the Party infests itself inside an individual, how his betrayal of himself can be effected, and how he is able not only to rationalize the fact that he has given himself away but come to love the person who has caused him to betray himself. In this section Winston resolves his guilt feelings about his youth and about his relationship with his mother.
Meanwhile, the Spanish Civil War had broken out, and although Orwell went as an observer and reporter, he found himself enlisting on the Republican side. , a Marxist, anti-Stalinist political party, rather than the better known (at least in America at the time) International Brigade, which was ultimately Communist-controlled. , was under way. Orwell and his wife were forced to leave Spain for fear of imprisonment and possible summary execution. His experiences in the Spanish Civil War are recorded in Homage to Catalonia, published in 1938.